Random Study of the Koran #1

 

METHOD

 

In order to do this study, I sought to get at least 32 verses as statistically, as long as the sample is greater than 30, the central limit theorem applies, i.e. statistically speaking, it is an accurate representation of the whole population. 

 

Out of the chapters that I randomly chose (or rather, Suras), I automatically took verse 10 from each and no others. I did this because had I randomly chose verses, either by generating a random program to pick the verses or by hand-pointing to them, there is little doubt that I would have been accused of cherry-picking the verses. Therefore, I stuck to picking verse 10 from the Suras that I did pick, as there is nothing special about picking one verse over another, but also gives a verifiable randomness.  I chose verse 10 because I wouldn't have to read too far into the Sura in order to get a good context of the quote, and also most Suras have at least 10 verses, although not all.

 

I think you will find my sampling is quite random, with the exception that some of the last Suras did not get in at all as they are very short and typically only have 5-9 verses in them. I ended up with 34 random verses to draw from.

I went through and tried to analyze each verse's true meaning as accurately as possible. I put notes after many of them to further clarify them. Some of them say "she" does this or "this" is for this, this or that. I clarify who "she" is and what "this" is, etc. By all means, you can view the quote I took, reference the Koran (an online one that I took them from, which I will provide) and challenge my analysis of said verse.


I think you will find my sampling is quite fair as was my analysis - in fact, I actually found one “good” verse!  So here they are, followed by the breakdown. Included in parenthesis at the end of each random verse is the category I put them in, defined in the breakdown (depending on how you are reading this, I also color-coded the breakdown of the verses).  All quotes come from: http://www.skepticsannotatedbible.com/quran/index.html

RANDOM GENERATION OF QUOTES FROM THE KORAN (34 TOTAL)

2: 10 In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increaseth their disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie. NOTE: Notice that Allah actually increases a "disease," i.e. the nonbelief, in the infidels. (1)

3: 10 (On that Day) neither the riches nor the progeny of those who disbelieve will aught avail them with Allah. They will be fuel for Fire. (1)

4: 10 Lo! Those who devour the wealth of orphans wrongfully, they do but swallow fire into their bellies, and they will be exposed to burning flame. NOTE: A good verse! (6)

5 10 And they who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, such are rightful owners of hell. (1)

6 10 Messengers (of Allah) have been derided before thee, but that whereat they scoffed surrounded such of them as did deride. NOTE: This verse is terribly confusing. However, it is couched in verses about the fate of infidels who mocked Apostles sent to them, which is destruction. (1)

11 10 And if We cause him to taste grace after some misfortune that had befallen him, he saith: The ills have gone from me. Lo! he is exultant, boastful; NOTE: This deals with disbelievers: that even if God relieves a disbeliever from any misfortune, immediately after he is thankless. (1)

16 10 He it is Who sendeth down water from the sky, whence ye have drink, and whence are trees on which ye send your beasts to pasture. (2)

19 10 He said: My Lord! Appoint for me some token. He said: Thy token is that thou, with no bodily defect, shalt not speak unto mankind three nights. NOTE: This is couched in a story about how Allah gave Zachariah a son, for he was a good Muslim believer. (3)

22 10 (And unto him it will be said): This is for that which thy two hands have sent before, and because Allah is no oppressor of His slaves. NOTE: “This” in this verse refers to “ignominy in this world and burning in the next” as mentioned in the verse before this. (1)

26 10 And when thy Lord called Moses, saying: Go unto the wrongdoing folk, (1)

28 10 And the heart of the mother of Moses became void, and she would have betrayed him if We had not fortified her heart, that she might be of the believers. (3)

32 10 And they say: When we are lost in the earth, how can we then be re-created ? Nay but they are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord. (1)

37 10 Save him who snatcheth a fragment, and there pursueth him a piercing flame. NOTE: This verse is very confusing, though the fact that a “piercing flame” is “pursuing” someone makes it clear that it is a threat. (1)

41 10 He placed therein firm hills rising above it, and blessed it and measured therein its sustenance in four Days, alike for (all) who ask; (2)

42 10 And in whatsoever ye differ, the verdict therein belongeth to Allah. Such is my Lord, in Whom I put my trust, and unto Whom I turn. (4)

43 10 Who made the earth a resting-place for you, and placed roads for you therein, that haply ye may find your way; (2)

47 10 Have they not travelled in the land to see the nature of the consequence for those who were before them ? Allah wiped them out. And for the disbelievers there will be the like thereof. (1)

51 10 Accursed be the conjecturers (1)

53 10 And He revealed unto His slave that which He revealed. (2)

55 10 And the earth hath He appointed for (His) creatures, (2)

57 10 And what aileth you that ye spend not in the way of Allah when unto Allah belongeth the inheritance of the heavens and the earth ? Those who spent and fought before the victory are not upon a level (with the rest of you). Such are greater in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards. Unto each hath Allah promised good. And Allah is Informed of what ye do. NOTE:  Though confusing, I take this to mean, “those who fought and spent in the cause of Allah even before victory have a higher status than those who fought only after victory.”  (1)

59 10 And those who came (into the faith) after them say: Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who were before us in the faith, and place not in our hearts any rancour toward those who believe. Our Lord! Thou art Full of Pity, Merciful. (3)

62 10 And when the prayer is ended, then disperse in the land and seek of Allah's bounty, and remember Allah much, that ye may be successful. (2)

66 10 Allah citeth an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot, who were under two of Our righteous slaves yet betrayed them so that they (the husbands) availed them naught against Allah and it was said (unto them): Enter the Fire along with those who enter. (1)

71 10 And I have said: Seek pardon of your Lord. Lo! He was ever Forgiving. NOTE: This verse is Noah telling people to seek forgiveness from Allah - otherwise they be drowned. (3)

73 10 And bear with patience what they utter, and part from them with a fair leave- taking. NOTE: They are told to be patient for God will deal with infidels by tying them up, burning them, and choking them with food. (1)

76 10 Lo! we fear from our Lord a day of frowning and of fate. (4)

79 10 (Now) they are saying: Shall we really be restored to our first state (4)

81 10 And when the pages are laid open, (4)

83 10 Woe unto the repudiators on that day! (1)

85 10 Lo! they who persecute believing men and believing women and repent not, theirs verily will be the doom of hell, and theirs the doom of burning. (1)

88 10 In a high Garden (5)

92 10 Surely We will ease his way unto adversity. NOTE: This verse is referring to disbelievers. (1)

101 10 Ah, what will convey unto thee what she is! - NOTE: This deals with a wrongdoer’s (a person “without good works” which typically means one who hasn’t fought for Allah) mother, and from what I can gather, it damns her - not the wrongdoer - to hell. (1)

BREAKDOWN OF THE RANDOM VERSES

18/34 (52.9%) - over half - of these random verses is vitriol aimed at infidels - that they are evil, stupid, thankless, that they will end up in eternal torment, hell, that they have been and will be destroyed, and God loves those who fight against them.
6/34 (17.6%) Deal with Allah
5/34 (14.7%) Deal with believers
4/34 (11.8%) Deal with Day of Judgment or Day of Doom
1/34 (3.4%) ... is a good verse! (Do not steal from the poor / Give to the poor)

 

 

CALCULATION

 

The confidence interval for proportion is p +/- z("/2)(p*q/n) 

 

Where,

p = Proportion from Sample

q = 1 - p

n = Sample Size

z("/2) represents the z-value under a normal curve on a Z-chart that leaves an area of "/2 to the right

 

Therefore,

 

.529 +/- 1.96*√(.529*.471/34)

 

=.529 +/- .168

 

Therefore with 95% confidence, we can say the proportion is somewhere between 36.1% and 69.7%.